When 10:30 AM - 11:30 AM Sep 21, 2018
Where 1571 G.G. Brown
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Distinguished Alumni Lecture/In Situ Materials Science: Probing Microstructural Evolution of Metallic Materials in Real-Time


Nik Chawla
Acting Chair, MSE Program Director, Center for 4D Materials Science, and Fulton Professor of MSE, Arizona State University

The field of materials science and engineering (MSE) is based on the fundamental principle that microstructure controls properties. Traditionally, the study of material structure has been limited by sectioning and post mortem observations. This approach is often inaccurate or inadequate for solving many fundamental problems. It is also often laborious and time-consuming. Advances in experimental methods, analytical techniques, and computational approaches, have now enabled the development of in situtechniques that allow us to probe the behavior of materials in real-time. The study of microstructures under an external stimulus (e.g., stress, temperature, environment) as a function of time is particularly exciting. Examples include an understanding of time-dependent deformation structures, phase transformations, compositional evolution, magnetic domains, etc.  

X-ray synchrotron micro and nano-tomography provides a wonderful means of characterization damage in materials non-destructively. In this talk, I will describe experiments and simulations that address the critical link between microstructure and deformation behavior of metallic materials, by using a three-dimensional (3D) virtual microstructure obtained by x-ray synchrotron tomography. The approach involves capturing the microstructure by novel and sophisticated in situtesting in an x-ray synchrotron, followed by x-ray tomography and image analysis, and 3D reconstruction of the microstructure. Case studies on fundamental precipitation evolution and deformation phenomena in aluminum alloys under cyclic loading and in a corrosive environment will be presented and discussed. New opportunities for x-ray microtomography, including lab-scale tomography, including diffraction contrast tomography (DCT) will be highlighted.

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