Richard Laine


2114 HH Dow

T: (734) 764-6203








  1. Furgal, JC and Laine, RM (2016). Nucleophilic Attack of R-lithium at Tetrahedral Silicon in Alkoxysilanes. An Alternate MechanismBulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan(0).   (link)

  2. Furgal, JC, Goodson III, T, and Laine, RM (2016). D 5h [PhSiO 1.5] 10 synthesis via F− catalyzed rearrangement of [PhSiO 1.5] n. An experimental/computational analysis of likely reaction pathwaysDalton Transaction, 45(3):1025-1039.   (link)

  3. Granados, NB, Yi, E, Laine, RM, and Baena, OJR (2016). Synthesis of Zn1− x Co x Al2O4 Spinel Nanoparticles by Liquid-Feed Flame Spray Pyrolysis: Ceramic Pigments ApplicationJOM, 68(1):304-310.   (link)

  4. Laine, RM, Furgal, JC, Doan, P, Pan, D, Popova, V, and Zhang, X (2016). Avoiding Carbothermal Reduction: Distillation of Alkoxysilanes from Biogenic, Green, and Sustainable SourcesAngewandte Chemie, 128(3):1077-1081.   (link)

  5. Yi, E, Hyde, CE, Sun, K, and Laine, RM (2016). Escaping the Tyranny of Carbothermal Reduction: Fumed Silica from Sustainable, Green Sources without First Having to Make SiCl4Chemistry-A European Journal, 22(7):2257-2260.   (link)

  6. Yi, E, Wang, W, Kieffer, J, and Laine, RM (2016). Flame made nanoparticles permit processing of dense, flexible, Li+ conducting ceramic electrolyte thin films of cubic-Li 7 La 3 Zr 2 O 12 (c-LLZO)Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 4(33):12947-12954.   (link)

  7. Asuncion, MZ, Krug, DJ, Abu-Seir, HW, and Laine, RM (2015). Facile thiol-ene reactions of vinyl T 10/T 12 silsesquioxanes for controlled refractive indices for transparent fiber glass reinforced compositesJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, 123(1441):725-731.   (link)

  8. Bahrami, M, Furgal, JC, Hashemi, H, Ehsani, M, Jahani, Y, Goodson III, T, Kieffer, J, and Laine, RM (2015). Synthesis and Characterization of Nanobuilding Blocks [o-RStyrPhSiO1. 5] 10, 12 (R= Me, MeO, NBoc, and CN). Unexpected Photophysical Properties Arising from Apparent Asymmetric Cage Functionalization as Supported by Modeling StudiesThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 119(28):15846-15858.   (link)

  9. Granados, NB, Yi, E, Laine, RM, and Baena, OJR (2015). CoAl2O4 blue nanopigments prepared by liquid-feed flame spray pyrolysis methodMateria (Rio de Janeiro), 20(3):580-587.   (link)

  10. Marchal, JC, Krug III, DJ, McDonnell, P, Sun, K, and Laine, RM (2015). A low cost, low energy route to solar grade silicon from rice hull ash (RHA), a sustainable sourceGreen Chemistry, 17(7):3931-3940.   (link)

  11. Pan, D, Yi, E, Doan, PH, Furgal, JC, Schwartz, M, Clark, S, Goodson, T, and Laine, RM (2015). Microporous inorganic/organic hybrids via oxysilylation of a cubic symmetry nanobuilding block [(HMe 2 SiOSiO 1.5) 8] with R x Si (OEt) 4− xJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, 123(1441):756-763.   (link)

  12. Bahrami, M, Hashemi, H, Ma, X, Kieffer, J, and Laine, RM (2014). Why do the [PhSiO 1.5] 8, 10, 12 cages self-brominate primarily in the ortho position? Modeling reveals a strong cage influence on the mechanismPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 16(47):25760-25764.   (link)

  13. Moghadam, MK, Morshedian, J, Ehsani, M, Laine, RM, Kuang, LY, and Umehara, N (2014). Effects of Ph12SQ on the Thermal Stability and Mechanical Properties of High Temperature Vulcanized (HTV) Silicone Rubber Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on, 21(1):244-252.   (link)

  14. Taylor, NJ and Laine, RM (2014). Extrusion of YAG Tubes Shows that Bottom-up Processing is Not Always OptimalAdvanced Functional Materials, 24(8):1125-1132.   (link)

  15. Taylor, NJ, Pottebaum, AJ, Uz, V, and Laine, RM (2014). Phase Evolution in the Transformation of Atomically Mixed Versus Ball‐Milled Mixtures of Nanopowders in the Formation of Composite MO· 3Al2O3 Spinels: Bottom‐Up Processing is Not Always OptimalJournal of the American Ceramic Society, 97(11):3442-3451.   (link)

  16. Taylor, NJ, Pottebaum, AJ, Uz, V, and Laine, RM (2014). The Bottom Up Approach is Not Always the Best Processing Method: Dense α-Al2O3/NiAl2O4 CompositesAdvanced Functional Materials, 24(22):3392-3398.   (link)

  17. Yi, E, Furgal, JC, and Azurdia, J (2014). Roll your own – nano-nanocomposite capacitorsJournal of Materials Chemistry A, 2:3766-3775.   (link)

  18. Yi, E, Wang, W, Mohanty, S, Kieffer, J, Tamaki, R, and Laine, RM (2014). Materials that can replace liquid electrolytes in Li batteries: Superionic conductivities in Li1.7Al0.3Ti1.7Si0.4P2.6O12. Processing combustion synthesized nanopowders to free standing thin filmsJournal of Power Sources, 269:577-588.

  19. Djafer, L, Ayral, A, Boury, B, and Laine, RM (2013). Surface modification of titania powder P25 with phosphate and phosphonic acids – Effect on thermal stability and photocatalytic activityJournal of Colloid and Interface Science, 393:335-339.

  20. Furgal, JC, Jung, JH, Clark, S, Goodson, III, T, and Laine, RM (2013). Beads on a Chain (BoC) Phenylsilsesquioxane (SQ) Polymers via F– Catalyzed Rearrangements and ADMET or Reverse Heck Cross-coupling Reactions: Through Chain, Extended Conjugation in 3-D with Potential for DendronizationMacromolecules, 46(19):7591-7604.

  21. Furgal, JC, Jung, JH, Goodson, III, T, and Laine, RM (2013). Analyzing Structure–Photophysical Property Relationships for Isolated T8, T10, and T12 StilbenevinylsilsesquioxanesJournal of the American Chemical Society, 135(33):12259-12269.

  22. Jung, JH, Chou, K, Furgal, JC, and Laine, RM (2013). Synthesis of acetoxyphenyl- and hydroxyphenyl-terminated polyfunctional T8, T10, T12 silsesquioxanes and initial studies on their use in the formation of highly crosslinked polyestersApplied Organometallic Chemistry, 27(11):666-672.

  23. Jung, JH, Furgal, JC, Clark, S, Schwartz, M, Chou, K, and Laine, RM (2013). Beads on a Chain (BoC) Polymers with Model Dendronized Beads. Copolymerization of [(4-NH2C6H4SiO1.5)6(IPhSiO1.5)2] and [(4-CH3OC6H4SiO1.5)6(IPhSiO1.5)2] with 1,4-Diethynylbenzene (DEB) Gives Through-Chain, Macromolecules, 46(19):7580 - 7590.

  24. Krug, D, Asuncion, M, Popova, V, and Laine, R (2013). Transparent fiber glass reinforced compositesComposites Science and Technology, 77:95-100.

  25. Laine, RM (2013). Preface for Hybrid MaterialsApplied Organometallic Chemistry, 27(11):619-619.   (link)

  26. Ro, HW, Popova, V, Krug, DJ, Forster, AM, Laine, RM, and Soles, CL (2013). Cubic silsesquioxanes as tunable high-performance coating materialsApplied Organometallic Chemistry, 27(11):652-659.   (link)

  27. Jung, JH, Furgal, J, Goodson III, TG, Mizumo, T, Schwartz, M, Chou, K, Vonet, J, and Laine, RM (2012). 3-D molecular mixtures of catalytically functionalized [vinylSiO1.5]10/[vinylSiO1.5]12. Photophysical characterization of second generation derivativesChem. Mater, 24:1883-1895.

  28. Phillips, H, Zheng, S, Hyla, A, Laine, RM, Goodson III, T, Geva, E, and Dunietz, BD (2012). Ab-initio calculation of the electronic absorption of functionalized octahedral silsesquioxanes via time-dependent density functional theory with range separated hybrid functionalsJ. Phys. Chem. J. Phys. Chem. A, 116:1137–1145.

  29. Samthong, C, Laine, RM, and Somwangthanaroj, A (2012). Synthesis and characterization of organic/inorganic epoxy nanocomposites from poly(aminopropyl/phenyl)silsesquioxanesJournal of Applied Polymer Science, 128(6):3601-3608.

  30. Jung, JH and Laine, RM (2011). Beads on a Chain (BOC) Polymers Formed from the Reaction of [NH2PhSiO1.5]x [PhSiO1.5]10-x and [NH2PhSiO1.5]x [PhSiO1.5]12-x Mixtures (x = 2-4) with the Diglycidyl Ether of Bisphenol AMacromolecules, 44(18):7263-7272.

  31. Kim, M, Lai, S, and Laine, R (2011). Combinatorial Nanopowder Synthesis Along the ZnO-Al2O3 Tie Line Using Liquid-Feed Flame Spray PyrolysisJournal of the American Ceramic Society, 94(10):3308-3318.

  32. Roll, MF, Kampf, JW, and Laine, RM (2011). Crystalline Hybrid Polyphenylene Macromolecules From Octaalkynylsilsesquioxanes, Crystal Structures and a Potential Route to 3-D GraphenesMacromolecules:3425–3435.

  33. Sulaiman, S, Zhang, J, Goodson, T, and Laine, RM (2011). Synthesis, Characterization and Photophysical Properties of Polyfunctional Phenylsilsesquioxanes: [o-RPhSiO1.5]8, [2,5-R2PhSiO1.5]8, and [R3PhSiO1.5]8J. Chem. Matter, 21:11177-11187 .

  34. Asuncion, MZ and Laine, RM (2010). Fluoride Rearrangement Reactions of Polyphenyl- and Polyvinylsilsesquioxanes as a Facile Route to Mixed Functional Phenyl, Vinyl T-10 and T-12 SilsesquioxanesJournal Of The American Chemical Society, 132(11):3723-3736.

  35. Kim, M and Laine, R (2010). Pressureless Sintering t-zirconia@δ-Al2O3 (54 mol%) Core–Shell Nanopowders at 1120°C Provides Dense t-Zirconia-Toughened α-Al2O3 NanocompositesJournal of the American Ceramic Society, 93(3):709–715.

  36. Roll, MF, Kampf, JW, Kim, Y, Yi, E, and Laine, RM (2010). Nano building blocks via iodination of [PhSiO1.5]n, forming [p-I-C6H4SiO1.5]n (n = 8, 10, 12), and a new route to high-surface-area, thermally stable, microporous materials via thermal elimination of I2J Am Chem Soc, 132(29):10171-83.

  37. B. Weidenhof, MRKSWFMMKJAEGESAB and Laine, RM (2009). High Throughput Screening of Nanoparticle Catalysts Made by Flame Spray Pyrolysis as Hydrocarbon/NO Oxidation Catalysts and Active, Pt free catalystsJ. Am. Chem. Soc., 131:9207-19.

  38. Laine, RM, Sulaiman, S, Brick, C, Roll, M, Tamaki, R, Asuncion, MZ, Neurock, M, Filhol, J, Lee, C, Zhang, J, Goodson, TI, Ronchi, M, Pizzotti, M, Rand, SC, Li, Y, Kim, M, and Laine, RM (2009). A one-step synthesis of core-shell (Ce0.7Zr0.3O2)x(Al2O3)1-x [(Ce0.7Zr0.3O2)@Al2O3] nanopowders via liquid-feed flame spray pyrolysis (LF-FSP)J. Am. Chem. Soc., 131:9220-9.

  39. Asuncion, M, Roll, M, and Laine, RM (2008). Octaalkynylsilsesquioxanes, Sea Urchin Molecular connectors for 3-D-NanostructuresMacromolecules, 41:8047-8052.

  40. Azurdia, JA, McCrum, A, and Laine, R (2008). Systematic Synthesis of Mixed Metal Oxides in NiO-Co3O4, NiO-MoO3, and NiO-CuO Systems via Liquid Feed-Flame Spray PyrolysisMaterials Chem., 18:3249-3258.

  41. Hinklin, T and Laine, R (2008). Synthesis of metastable phases in the Magnesium Spinel-Alumina SystemChem. Mater., 20:553-558.

  42. Hinklin, TR, Rand, SC, and Laine, RM (2008). Transparent, polycrystalline upconverting nanoceramics. Towards 3-D displaysAdv. Mater., 20:1270-1273.

  43. I. Hasegawa, RMLMZANT (2008). Facile synthesis of polyhedral silsesquioxane anions and uses thereofU.S. Patent 7,576,169 Sept., 2008.

  44. Kim, M, Hinklin, T, and Laine, R (2008). Core−shell Nanostructured Nanopowders along (CeOx)x(Al2O3)1−x Tie-Line by Liquid-Feed Flame Spray Pyrolysis (LF-FSP)Chem. Mater., 20:5154-5162.

  45. Kim, S, Sulaiman, S, Fargier, D, and Laine, R (2008). Simple syntheses of octaphenyloctasilsesquoxane and polyphenylsilsesquioxane. Starting point for aromatic nanocomposites with complete control of physical and chemical properties at nanometer length scalesin Materials Syntheses. A Practical Guide:179-182,Eds. U. Schubert, N. Hüsing, R. Laine, Springer-Verlag, Wein.

  46. Laine, R, Bartz, D, Krug, D, Popova, V, and Asuncion, M (2008). Bi- and trifunctional silsesquioxanes for novel coating applicationsfiled June, 2007. PTO filed Aug. 2008..

  47. Laine, R, Roll, M, Asuncion, M, Sulaiman, S, Popova, V, Bartz, D, Krug, D, and Mutin, PH (2008). Perfect and Nearly Perfect Silsesquioxane (SQs) Nanoconstruction Sites and Janus SQsJ. Sol-Gel Sci. Tech., 46:335-347.

  48. Laine, RM, Hinklin, T, Azurdia, J, Kim, M, Marchal, J, and Kumar, S (2008). Finding Spinel in All the Wrong PlacesAdv. Mater., 20:1373-75.

  49. Roll, M, Asuncion, M, Kampf, J, and Laine, R (2008). para-Octaiodophenylsilses-quioxane, [p-IC6H4SiO1.5]8, a nearly perfect nanobuilding blockACS Nano, 2:320-26.

  50. Sulaiman, S, Bhaskar, A, Zhang, J, Guda, R, III, TG, and Laine, R (2008). Molecules with perfect cubic symmetry as nanobuilding blocks for 3-D assemblies. Elaboration of octavinylsilsesquioxane. Unusual luminescence shifts may indicate extended conjugation involving the silsesquioxane coreChem Mater., 20:5563 – 5573.

  51. Asuncion, MZ and Laine, R (2007). Silsesquioxane Barrier MaterialsMacromolecules, 40:555-62.

  52. B. Li, SLOSCRJATHJCMRL (2007). Ultraviolet emission and Fano resonance in doped nano-aluminaJ. Appl. Physics, 101:053534.

  53. B. Li, THRLSR (2007). Ultraviolet nanophosphorsJournal of Luminescence, 122-3:345-7.

  54. C. Brick, ERCSGDMRL (2007). Self-lubricating nano ball bearingsAdv. Mater., 19:80-2.

  55. Kim, M and Laine, R (2007). Combinatorial processing of mixed-metal oxide nanopowders along the ZrO2-Al2O3 tie line using liquid-feed flame spray pyrolysis (LF-FSP)J. Ceramic Processing Research, 8:129-36.

  56. Takamura, N, Viculis, L, and Laine, R (2007). A completely discontinuous organic/inorganic hybrid nanocomposite based on reactions of [HMe2SiOSiO1.5]8 with vinylcyclohexeneInternational Polymer, 56:1378-1391.

  57. Wang, M and Laine, R (2007). UV-Absorbing Coatings and Methods of Making Samefiled by Guardian Industries. U.S. Patent 7,288,283 October 30, 2007.

  58. Azurdia, J, Marchal, J, and Laine, R (2006). Combinatorial processing of mixed-metal oxide nanopowders along the Co3O4-Al2O3 tie line using liquid-feed flame spray pyrolysis (LF-FSP)J. Am. Ceram. Soc., 89:2749-56.

  59. Azurdia, J, Marchal, J, Shea, P, Sun, H, Pan, XQ, and Laine, R (2006). Liquid-feed flame spray pyrolysis (LF-FSP) as a method of producing mixed-metal oxide nanopowders of potential interest as catalytic materials. Nanopowders along the NiO-Al2O3 tie-line including (NiO)0.22(Al2O3)0.78, a new inverse spinel composition.Chem. Mater., 18:731-9.

  60. Laine, R, Marchal, J, Sun, H, and Pan, X (2006). Nano--Al2O3 by liquid-feed flame spray pyrolysis (LF-FSP) of nano-transition aluminasNature Materials, 5:710-2.

  61. Sulaiman, S, Brick, C, Sana, CD, Katzenstein, J, Laine, R, and Basheer, R (2006). Tailoring the Global Properties of Nanocomposites. Epoxy Resins with Very Low Coefficients of Thermal ExpansionMacromolecules, 39:5167-9.

  62. Takahashi, K, Sulaiman, S, Katzenstein, J, Snoblen, S, and Laine, R (2006). New Aminophenylsilsesquioxanes, Synthesis, Properties and Epoxy NanocompositesAustralian J. Chem., 59:564-70.

  63. A. Sellinger, RTRLKUHTEWGJ (2005). Solution processable nanocomposites based on silsesquioxane cores for use in organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs)Chem. Comm.:3700 –02.

  64. Asuncion, M, Hasegawa, I, Kampf, J, and Laine, R (2005). The selective dissolution of rice hull ash to form [OSiO1.5]8[R4N]8 (R = Me, CH2CH2OH) octasilicates. Basic nanobuilding blocks and possible models of intermediates formed during biosilification processesMaterials Chemistry, 15:2114-21.

  65. Basheer, R, Brick, C, Laine, R, Sulaimann, S, and DeSana, CM (2005). Flip Chip system with organic/inorganic underfill compositionFiled November 4, 2005. U.S. Patent 7,332,822.

  66. C. M. Brick, RTSKMAMRTNRL (2005). Spherical, Polyfunctional Molecules Using Polybromooctaphenylsilsesquioxanes as Nanoconstruction SitesMacromol., 38:4655-60.

  67. C.M. Brick, YOYCRL (2005). bust Polyaromatic Octasilsesquioxanes from Polybromophenylsilsesquioxanes, BrxOPS, via Suzuki CouplingMacromol., 38:4661-5.

  68. Hasegawa, I, Laine, R, Asuncion, M, and Takamura, N (2005). Facile Synthesis of the Cubeoctameric Silicate Anion, Si8O208-, its dimethylsilyl derivative, Si8O20[Si(CH3)2H]8 and certain derivatives therefromU.S. Patent Application publication, 2005/0142054, June 30, 2005.

  69. Kim, S, Choi, J, Tamaki, R, and Laine, R (2005). Synthesis of amino-containing oligophenylsilsesquoixanesPolymer, 46:4514-4524.

  70. Laine, R (2005). Nano-building blocks based on the [OSiO1.5]8 silsesquioxanesJ. Mater. Chem., 15:3725 – 44.

  71. Laine, R, Marchal, J, Azurdia, J, and Rennesund, R (2005). Liquid Feed Flame Spray Modification of NanoparticlesApplication number: 11/066,822 Publication number: US 2006/0087062 A1 Filing date: Feb 25, 2005 to issue.

  72. Laine, R, Marchal, J, Sun, H, and Pan, X (2005). A new Y3Al5O12 phase produced by liquid-feed flame spray pyrolysis (LF-FSP)Adv. Mater., 17:830-33.

  73. Stewart, M, Wetzel, J, Schmid, G, Palmieri, F, Thompson, E, Kim, E, Wang, D, Sotodoeh, K, Jen, K, Johnson, S, Hao, J, Dickey, M, Nishimura, Y, Laine, R, Resnick, D, and Willson, C (2005). Proc. SPIE-Int. Soc. Opt. Eng., 5751:219.

  74. Choi, J, Yee, A, and Laine, R (2004). Toughening of cubic silsesquioxane epoxy nanocomposites using core shell rubber particles and a three component hybrid systemMacromol., 37:3267-76.

  75. Hinklin, T, Toury, B, Gervais, C, Babonneau, F, Gislason, J, Morton, R, and Laine, R (2004). Liquid-Feed Flame Spray Pyrolytic Synthesis of Nanoalumina PowdersChem. Mater., 16:21-30.

  76. Kim, S, Gislason, J, Morton, R, Pan, X, Sun, H, and Laine, R (2004). Liquid-Feed Flame Spray Pyrolysis of Nanopowders in the Alumina-Titania SystemChem. Mater., 16:2336-43.

  77. Laine, R, Marchal, J, Kim, S, Azurdia, J, and Kim, M (2004). Liquid-Feed Flame Spray Pyrolysis of Single and Mixed Phase Mixed-Metal Oxide Nanopowdersin Ceramic Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology III, S. Lu, M.Z. Hu, Y. Gogotsi eds, Ceramic Transactions, 159:27.

  78. Marchal, J, Hinklin, T, Baranwal, R, Johns, T, and Laine, RM (2004). Yttrium aluminum garnet nanopowders by flame spray pyrolysisChem. Mater., 16:822-831.

  79. Redmond, S, Armstrong, G, Chan, H, Mattson, E, Mock, A, Li, B, Potts, J, Cui, M, Rand, S, Oliveira, S, Marchal, J, Hinklin, T, and Laine, R (2004). Electrical generation of stationary light in random scattering mediaJ. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 21:214-22.

  80. A.C. Sutorik, RLJMTJTH (2003). Mixed-metal oxide particles by liquid feed-flame spray pyrolysis of oxide precursors in oxygenated solventsWO03070640 issued 2003-08-28. U.S. Patent issued.

  81. Choi, J, Tamaki, R, Kim, S, and Laine, R (2003). Organic/Inorganic Imide Nanocomposites from AminophenylsilsesquioxanesChem. Mater., 15:3365 – 3375.

  82. Choi, J, Yee, AF, and Laine, RM (2003). Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Composites from Cubic Silsesquioxanes. Epoxy Resins of Octa(dimethylsiloxy-ethylcyclohexylepoxide) SilsesquioxaneMacromolecules, 15:5666 – 82.

  83. G. Berger, RLJA (2003). Up and down converting nanophosphors for multiplex tagging of materials processed or used in harsh environmentsApplication number: 10/723,709 Publication number: US 2005/0112360 A1 Filing date: Nov 26, 2003.

  84. Sellinger, A and Laine, RM (2003). Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Light Emitting Devices (HLED)U.S. Patent, 6,517,958, Feb. 11, 2003.

  85. Tamaki, R, Choi, J, and Laine, R (2003). A Polyimide Nanocomposite from Octa(aminophenyl)-silsesquioxaneChem. Materials, 15:793-7.

  86. B. Li, GWSRTH and Laine, R (2002). Continuous-wave ultraviolet laser action in strongly scattering Nd-doped aluminaOptics Lett., 27:394-6.

  87. G. Williams, SRTHRL (2002). Laser action in strongly scattering rare-earth-doped dielectric nanophosphorsPhys. Rev. A., 65:013807.

  88. Laine, R, Tamaki, R, and Choi, J (2002). Well-defined nanosized building blocks for organic/inorganic nanocompositesWO 02/100867 A1 Dec. 19, 2002.

  89. Li, S, Feindt, H, Sutorik, A, Baliat, M, Laine, R, and Niedbala, R (2002). Synthesis and Characterization of Y2O2S: Yb3+, Er3+, Up-Converting Nanophosphorsin Nanoscience and Nanotechnology in Perspective, Tsinghua Press(June):221-33.

  90. Baranwal, R, Villar, MP, Garcia, R, and Laine, RM (2001). Synthesis, Characterization, and Sintering Behavior of Nano-mullite Powder and Powder CompactsJ. Am. Ceram. Soc., 84:951- 61.

  91. C. L. Soles, EKLWWCZ and Laine, RM (2001). Structural Evolution of Silsesquioxane-based Organic/Inorganic Nanocomposite Networksin Organic/Inorganic Hybrid Materials–2000, MRS Symp. Ser., 628:CC4.2.1-6, R.M. Laine, C. Sanchez, and C.J. Brinker, eds. Mater. Res. Soc..

  92. C. Zhang, TBRL (2001). Synthesis and Characterization of Liquid Crystalline (LC) SilsesquioxanesChem. of Mater., 13:3653-62.

  93. Choi, J, Harcup, J, Yee, A, Zhu, Q, and Laine, R (2001). Organic/inorganic hybrid composites from cubic silsesquioxanesJ. Am. Chem. Soc., 123:11420-30.

  94. Costa, RR, Vasconcelos, W, Tamaki, R, and Laine, R (2001). Organic/Inorganic Nanocomposite Star Polymers via Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization of Methyl Methacrylate Using Octafunctional Silsesquioxane CoresMacromol., 34:5398 -407.

  95. Laine, RM, Choi, J, and Lee, I (2001). Organic-Inorganic Nanocomposites with Completely Defined Interfacial InteractionsAdv. Mater., 13:800-3.

  96. Tamaki, R, Tanaka, Y, Asuncion, MZ, Choi, J, and Laine, R (2001). Octa(aminophenyl)silsesquioxane as a Nanoconstruction Site,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 123:12416-7.

  97. C. Zhang, RL (2000). Hydrosilylation of allyl alcohol with [HSiMe2OSiO1.5]8. Octa (3-hydroxypropyldimethylsiloxy)octasilsesquioxane and its octamethacryl-ate derivative as potential precursors to hybrid nanocompositesJ. Am. Chem. Soc., 122:6979-88.

  98. H. Cheng, RTRLFBYC and Treadwell, D (2000). Neutral Alkoxysilanes from SilicaJ. Am. Chem. Soc., 122:10063-72.

  99. Laine, R, Rand, S, Hinklin, T, and Williams, G (2000). Ultrafine Powders as Lasing MediaInternational patent application allowed. WO 0038282 H01S 20000629.

  100. Laine, RM, Hinklin, T, Williams, G, and Rand, S (2000). Low-Cost Nanopowders for Phosphor and Laser Applications by Flame Spray Pyrolysisin Mater. Sci. Forum, Scitec & Trans Tech. Publ., Zurich, Switzerland, 343-346:500-10.