Microchemical and Microstructural Evolution of AISI 304 Stainless Steel Irradiated in EBR-II at PWR-relevant dpa Rates

Emmanuelle Marquis

Y Dong, B. H Sencer, F. A Garner, and E. A Marquis (2015)

JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS, 467(2):692-702.

AISI 304 stainless steel was irradiated at 416 degrees C and 450 degrees C at a 4.4 x 10(-9) and 3.05 x 10(-7) dpa/s to similar to 0.4 and similar to 28 dpa, respectively, in the reflector of the EBR-II fast reactor. Both unirradiated and irradiated conditions were examined using standard and scanning transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive spectroscopy, and atom probe tomography on very small specimens produced by focused ion beam milling. These results are compared with previous electron microscopy examination of 3 mm disks from essentially the same material. By comparing a very low dose specimen with a much higher dose specimen, both derived from a single reactor assembly, it has been demonstrated that the coupled microstructural and microchemical evolution of dislocation loops and other sinks begins very early, with elemental segregation producing at these sinks what appears to be measurable precursors to fully formed precipitates found at higher doses. The nature of these sinks and their possible precursors are examined in detail. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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