Kai Sun

Research Scientist


2600 Draper Avenue, NAME Building RM124
T: (734) 936-3353






  1. Liu, B, Hu, Z, Che, Y, Allenic, A, Sun, K, and Pan, X (2008). Growth of ZnO nanoparticles and nanorods with ultrafast pulsed laser depositionAPPLIED PHYSICS A-MATERIALS SCIENCE & PROCESSING, 93(3):813-818.

  2. Shi, X, Sun, K, and Jr., JRB (2008). Spontaneous formation of functionalized dendrimer-stabilized gold nanoparticlesJOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 112(22):8251-8258.

  3. Shukla, R, Hill, E, Shi, X, Kim, J, Muniz, MC, Sun, K, and Baker, JR (2008). Tumor microvasculature targeting with dendrimer-entrapped gold nanoparticlesSOFT MATTER, 4(1):2160-2163.

  4. Sun, K, Wang, L, and Ewing, R (2008). Fabrication of nano-/micro-patterns on iron phosphate glass surfaces by focused energetic beamsNUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS, 266(12-13):3133-3137.

  5. Wei, Q, Li, W, Sun, K, Lian, J, and Wang, L (2008). Morphological instability of Cu nanolines induced by Ga+-ion bombardment: In situ scanning electron microscopy and theoretical modelJOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 103(7):Article Number: 074306.

  6. Wei, Q, Lian, J, Zhu, S, Li, W, Sun, K, and Wang, L (2008). Ordered nanocrystals on argon ion sputtered polymer filmCHEMICAL PHYSICS LETTERS, 452(1-3):124-128.

  7. Zhang, J, Sun, K, Kumbhar, A, and Fang, J (2008). Shape-control of ZnTe nanocrystal growth in organic solutionJOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, 112(14):5454-5458.

  8. Kityk, IV, Ebothe, J, Tkaczyk, S, Miedzinski, R, Nzoghe-Mendome, L, He, J, Sun, X, Sun, K, Liu, Q, Sun, Z, Lin, J, and Fang, J (2007). Photoinduced electrooptics in the In2O3 nanocrystals incorporated into PMMA matrixesJOURNAL OF PHYSICS-CONDENSED MATTER, 19(1):Article Number: 016204.

  9. Pak, J, Lin, W, Wang, K, Chinchore, A, Shi, M, Ingram, DC, Smith, AR, Sun, K, Lucy, JM, Hauser, AJ, and Yang, FY (2007). Growth of epitaxial iron nitride ultrathin film on zinc-blende gallium nitrideJOURNAL OF VACUUM SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY A, 28(4):536-540.

  10. Shim, BS, Zhu, J, Jan, E, Critchley, K, Ho, S, Podsiadlo, P, Sun, K, and Kotov, NA (2007). Multiparameter Structural Optimization of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Composites: Toward Record Strength, Stiffness, and ToughnessACS NANO, 3(7):1711-1722.

  11. Sun, Z, Kumbhar, A, Sun, K, Liu, Q, and Fang, J (2007). One-pot synthesis of reverse type-I In2O3@ In2S3 core-shell nanoparticlesCHEMICAL COMMUNICATIONS(16):1920-1922.

  12. Yang, F, Sun, K, and Forrest, SR (2007). Efficient solar cells using all-organic nanocrystalline networksADVANCED MATERIALS, 19(23):4166-4171.

  13. Chen, H, Sun, K, Tang, Z, Law, RV, Mansfield, JF, Czajka-Jakubowsk, A, and Clarkson, BH (2006). Synthesis of fluorapatite nanorods and nanowires by direct precipitation from solutionCRYSTAL GROWTH & DESIGN, 6(6):1054-1058.

  14. Chen, H, Tang, Z, Liu, J, Sun, K, Chang, S, Peters, M, Mansfield, J, Czajka-Jakubowska, A, and Clarkson, B (2006). Acellular synthesis of a human enamel-like microstructureADVANCED MATERIALS, 18:1846-1851.

  15. Du, W, Liao, X, Yang, X, Povolny, H, Xiang, X, Deng, X, and Sun, K (2006). Hydrogenated nanocrystalline silicon p-layer in amorphous silicon n-i-p solar cellsSOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS, 90(7-8):1098-1104.

  16. Liao, X, Du, W, Yang, X, Povolny, H, Xiang, X, Deng, X, and Sun, K (2006). Nanostructure in the p-layer and its impacts on amorphous silicon solar cellsJOURNAL OF NON-CRYSTALLINE SOLIDS, 352(9-20):1841-1846.

  17. Lu, T, Chang, X, Qi, J, Luo, X, Wei, Q, Zhu, S, Sun, K, Lian, J, and L.M. Wang (2006). Low-temperature high-pressure preparation of transparent nanocrystalline MgAl2O4 ceramics,APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 88(21):213120-1 3.

  18. Shi, X, Ganser, T, Sun, K, Balogh, L, and Jr., JB (2006). Characterization of crystalline dendrimer-stablized gold nanoparticlesNANOTECHNOLOGY, 17(4):1072-1078.

  19. Shi, X, Sun, K, Balogh, LP, and Jr, JRB (2006). Synthesis, characterization, and manipulation of dendrimer-stabilized iron sulfide nanoparticlesNANOTECHNOLOGY, 17(18):4554-4560.

  20. Xiang, X, Zu, XT, Zhu, S, Wei, QM, Zhang, CF, Sun, K, and Wang, LM (2006). ZnO nanoparticles embedded in sapphire fabricated by ion implantation and annealingNANOTECHNOLOGY, 17(10):2636-2640.

  21. Zhu, S, Sun, K, Wang, L, Ewing, R, and Fromknecht, R (2006). TEM characterization of Au nano-particles in TiO2 single crystals by ion implantationNUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS, 242:152–156.

  22. Chen, H, Clarkson, B, Sun, K, and Mansfield, J (2005). Self-assembly of synthetic hydroxyapatite nanorods into an enamel prism-like structureJOURNAL of COLLOID and INTERFACE SCIENCE, 288(1):97-103.

  23. Chen, J, Yu, M, Zhou, W, Sun, K, and Wang, L (2005). Room-temperature ferromagnetic Co-doped ZnO nanoneedle array prepared by pulsed laser depositionAPPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 87(17):Article No.:173119.

  24. Constantin, C, Haider, MB, Ingram, D, Smith, A, Sandler, N, Sun, K, and Ordejón, P (2005). Composition-dependent structural properties in ScGaN alloy films: a combined experimental and theoretical studyJOURNAL of APPLIED PHYSICS, 98(12):Article No.: 123501.

  25. Dong, ZL, White, TJ, Sun, K, Wang, L, and Ewing, R (2005). Electron irradiation induced transformation of (Pb5Ca5)(VO4)6F2 apatite to CaVO3 perovskiteJOURNAL of AMERICAN CERAMICS SOCIETY, 88(1):184-190.

  26. Lesniak, W, Bielinska, A, Sun, K, Janczak, K, Shi, X, Jr., JB, and Balogh, L (2005). Silver/dendrimer nanocomposites as biomakers: Fabrication, characterization, in vitro toxicity and intracellular detectionNANO LETTERS, 5(1):2123-2130.

  27. Sinani, V, Gheith, M, Yaroslavov, A, Rakhnyanskaya, A, Sun, K, Mamedov, A, Wicksted, J, and Kotov, N (2005). Aqueous dispersions of single- and multiwall carbon nanotubes with designed amphiphilic polycationsJOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 127(10):3463-3472.

  28. Sun, K, Wang, L, Ewing, R, and Weber, W (2005). AEM studies of phase separation in borosilicate glassesMICROSCOPY and ANALYSIS, 71(1):5-7.

  29. Sun, K, Wang, L, Ewing, R, and Weber, W (2005). Effects of electron irradiation in nuclear waste glassesPHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 85(4-7):597-608.

  30. Sun, X, Thode, C, Mabry, J, J.W. Harrell, DNKS, and Wang, L (2005). Self-assembly of magnetic biofunctional nanoparticlesJOURNAL of APPLIED PHYSICS, 97(10):Article No.: 10Q901.

  31. Tang, Z, Wang, Y, Sun, K, and Kotov, N (2005). Spontaneous Transformation of Stabilizer-Depleted Binary Semiconductor Nanoparticles into Selenium and Tellurium NanowiresADVANCED MATERIALS, 17(3):358-363.

  32. Tian, CS, Qian, D, Wu, D, He, R, Wu, Y, Tang, W, Ying, L, Shi, Y, Dong, G, Jin, X, Jiang, X, Liu, F, Qian, H, Sun, K, Wang, L, Rossi, G, Qiu, Z, and Shi, J (2005). Body-center-cubic Ni and its magnetic propertiesPHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 94(13):Article No.: 137210.

  33. Zu, X, Sun, K, Atzmon, M, Wang, L, You, L, Wan, F, Busby, J, Was, G, and Adamson, R (2005). Effect of proton and Ne irradiation on the microstructure of Zircaloy 4PHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE, 85(4-7):649-659.

  34. Fromknecht, R, Linker, G, Wang, L, Zhu, S, Sun, K, Veen, Av, Huis, Mv, Niemeyer, J, Weimann, T, and Wang, J (2004). Formation of Au nanocrystals in ceramic oxides by ion implantationSURFACE and INTERFACE ANALYSIS, 36(2):193-194.

  35. Jiang, W, Weber, W, Wang, L, and Sun, K (2004). Amorphization processes in Au ion irradiated GaN at 150 – 300KNUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS, 218:427-432.

  36. Jiang, W, Weber, W, Wang, L, and Sun, K (2004). Dynamic recovery in Au ion irradiated gallium nitrideProceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 792:285-190.

  37. Parvin, K, Sun, X, Ma, J, Ly, J, Nikles, D, Sun, K, and Wang, L (2004). Synthesis and magnetic properties of monodisperse Fe3O4 nanaoparticlesJOURNAL of APPLIED PHYSICS, 95(11):7121-7123.

  38. Sun, K, Ding, T, Wang, L, and Ewing, R (2004). Radiation induced nanostructures in an iron phosphate glassProceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 792:177-182.

  39. Sun, K, Wang, L, Ewing, R, and Weber, W (2004). Electron irradiation induced phase separation in a sodium borosilicate glassNUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION B-BEAM INTERACTIONS WITH MATERIALS AND ATOMS, 218:368-374.

  40. Sun, K, Zhu, S, Fromknecht, R, Linker, G, and Wang, L (2004). Formation of single-layered Au nanoparticles in Au ion implanted TiO2 and SrTiO3MATERIALS LETTERS, 58(5):547-550.

  41. Sun, X, Jia, Z, Huang, Y, Harrell, J, Nikles, D, Sun, K, and Wang, L (2004). Synthesis and magnetic properties of CoPt nanoparticlesJOURNAL of APPLIED PHYSICS, 95(11):6747-6749.

  42. Lian, J, Wang, L, Chen, J, Sun, K, Ewing, R, Farmer, JM, and Boatner, L (2003). The order-disorder transition in ion irradiated pyrochloreACTA MATERIALIA, 51(5):1493-1502.

  43. Su, X, Sun, K, Cui, F, and Landis, W (2003). Organization of apatite crystals in human woven boneBONE, 32(2):150-162.

  44. Sun, K, Wang, L, and Ewing, R (2003). Analytical electron microscopy study of electron radiation damage in iron phosphate glass waste formsProceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 757:135-140.

  45. Sun, X, Harrell, J, Nikles, D, Sun, K, Wang, L, Li, J, and Wang, Z (2003). Structure of self-assembled magnetic FePtCu nanoparticles arraysProceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 775:251-256.

  46. Zhu, S, Sun, K, Zhang, Q, Zu, X, Wang, L, and Ewing, R (2003). Structural and magnetic characterization of CoxNi1-x nanoparticles in yttria-stabilized zirconia single crystalsJOURNAL of APPLIED PHYSICS, 94(9):5648-5651.

  47. Klie, R, Sun, K, Disko, M, Liu, J, and Browning, N (2002). Direct observations of metal support interaction in nano-scale systems, Conference on Physical Chemistry of Interfaces and NanomaterialsPhysical Chemistry of Interfaces and Nanomaterials, 4807:59-70.

  48. Sun, K (2002). Ga-rich precipitates in Fe ion implanted GaAsACTA MATERIALIA, 50(14):3709-3716.

  49. Sun, K, Liu, J, and Browning, N (2002). Correlated atomic resolution microscopy and spectroscopy studies of Sn(Sb)O2 nanophase materialsJOURNAL of CATALYSIS, 205(2):266-277.

  50. Sun, K, Liu, J, and Browning, N (2002). Direct atomic scale analysis of the distribution of Cu valence states in Cu/-Al2O3 catalystsAPPLIED CATALYSIS B: ENVIRONMENTAL, 38(4):271-281.

  51. Sun, K, Liu, J, Nag, N, and Browning, N (2002). Atom scale characterization of supported Pd-Cu/-Al2O3 bimetallic catalystsJOURNAL of PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY B, 106(47):12239-12246.

  52. Sun, K, Liu, J, Nag, N, and Browning, N (2002). Studying the metal-support interaction in Pd/-Al2O3 catalysts by atomic-resolution electron energy-loss spectroscopyCATALYSIS LETTERS, 84(3-4):193-199.

  53. Sun, K and Browning, N (2001). Characterization of Ga-Mn decagonal quasicrystals in GaAsProceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 643:K4.5.1-K4.5.6.

  54. Dadachov, M, Sun, K, Conradsson, T, and Zou, X (2000). The first templated borogermanate (C2N2H10)2[(BO2.5)2(GeO2)3]: linkage of tetrahedra with significantly different sizesANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, 39(20):3674-3676.

  55. Sun, K, Dadachov, MS, Conradsson, T, and Zou, X (2000). A germanate framework containing four-, five- and six- coordinated germaniumACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHY C, 56:1092-1094.

  56. Zhu, M, Cao, Y, Guo, X, Liu, J, He, M, and Sun, K (2000). Microstructure of poly-Si thin films prepared at low temperaturesSOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS and SOLAR CELLS, 62(1-2):109-115.

  57. Zhu, M, Guo, X, Chen, G, Han, H, He, M, and Sun, K (2000). Microstructures of microcrystalline silicon thin films prepared by hot-wire chemical vapor depositionTHIN SOLID FILMS, 360(1-2):205-212.

  58. Sun, K, Zhu, S, and Kuo, K (1999). Nano-quasicrystalline particles in Mn-ion implanted GaAsProceedings of the Materials Research Society Symposium, 553:197-207.

  59. Wu, Y, Ding, H, Jing, C, Wu, D, Dong, G, Jin, X, Sun, K, and Zhu, S (1999). Epitaxy and magnetism of Co on GaAs (001)JOURNAL of MAGNETISM and MAGNETIC MATERIALS, 199:297-299.

  60. Sun, K, Zhu, S, Wu, J, Zhang, J, and Kuo, K (1998). Ga-Mn quasicrystal particles in Mn+-implanted GaAsProceeding of the 6-th International Conference on Quasicrystals:333-336.

  61. Wu, Y, Ding, H, Jing, C, Wu, D, Liu, G, Gordon, V, Dong, G, Jin, X, Zhu, S, and Sun, K (1998). In-plane magnetic anisotropy of bcc-Co on GaAs (001)PHYSICAL REVIEW B, 57(19):11935-11938.

  62. Sui, H, Sun, K, and Kuo, K (1997). A structural model of the orthorhombic C3I-Al60Mn11Ni4 approximantPHILOSOPHICAL MAGAZINE A, 75(2):379-393.

  63. Sun, K, Wu, J, and Kuo, K (1997). Ga-Mn decagonal quasicrystal and its approximantsNew Horizons in Quasicrystals: Research & Applications:70-77.

  64. Zhang, J, Cheetham, A, Sun, K, Wu, J, Kuo, K, Shi, J, and Awschalom, D (1997). Submicron GaMn quasicrystals in ferromagnetic GaAsAPPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, 71(1):143-145.