A hybrid ray-wave optics model to study the scattering behavior of silver metallic paint systems

Max Shtein

Professor

mshtein@umich.edu

3051W NCRC, Building 28

T: (734) 764-4312

Bio

Publications

Group


CM Seubert, ME Nichols, C Kappauf, K Ellwood, M Shtein, and MD Thouless (2018)

JOURNAL OF COATINGS TECHNOLOGY AND RESEARCH, 15(3):469–478.

The gonioapparent lightness of a metallic paint system depends strongly on the 3D microstructure of the platelet-containing basecoat layer, and on the platelet roughness. Current optical models which are used to simulate the paint’s appearance, however, ignore the multi-scale and multi-dimensional microstructural features, which limits their predictive power. Here, we describe a hybrid, ray-wave optics model for metallic paints. This model incorporates the ray-optics of the 3D platelet microstructure and the wave effects that result from the surface roughness of the platelets. This model is used to link the roughness to the reflection lobes of the aluminum platelets, and to the gonioapparent lightness of the paint system. Predicted lightness values from our model matched, at most viewing angles, measurements from physical paint samples. This model can be used to explore the effect of platelet surface roughness on the lightness of the complete paint system and predict the appearance of paints with different platelet microstructures.

Document Actions