Effects of Rh on the thermoelectric performance of the p-type Zr0.5Hf0.5Co1-xRhxSb0.99Sn0.01 half-Heusler alloys

Pierre Ferdinand P. Poudeu

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Pramathesh Maji, Nathan J Takas, Dinesh K Misra, Heike Gabrisch, Kevin Stokes, and Pierre FP Poudeu (2010)

Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 183(5):1120-1126.

We show that Rh substitution at the Co site in Zr0.5Hf0.5Co1-xRhxSb0.99Sn0.99Sn0.01 (0 <= x <= 1) half-Heusler alloys strongly reduces the thermal conductivity with a simultaneous, significant improvement of the power factor of the materials. Thermoelectric properties of hot-pressed pellets of several compositions with various Rh concentrations were investigated in the temperature range from 300 to 775 K. The Rh "free" composition shows n-type conduction, while Rh substitution at the Co site drives the system to p-type semiconducting behavior. The lattice thermal conductivity of Zr0.5Hf0.5Co1-xRhxSb0.99Sn0.01 alloys rapidly decreased with increasing Rh concentration and lattice thermal conductivity as low as 3.7 W/m*K was obtained at 300K for Zr0.5Hf0.5RhSb0.99Sn0.01. The drastic reduction of the lattice thermal conductivity is attributed to mass fluctuation induced by the Rh substitution at the Co site, as well as enhanced phonon scattering at grain boundaries due to the small grain size of the synthesized materials. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Times Cited: 13

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