High Throughput Screening of Nanoparticle Catalysts Made by Flame Spray Pyrolysis as Hydrocarbon/NO Oxidation Catalysts and Active, Pt free catalysts

Richard Laine

M. RKSWFMMKJAEGESAB B. Weidenhof and R. M Laine (2009)

J. Am. Chem. Soc., 131:9207-19.

We describe here the use of liquid-feed flame spray pyrolysis (LF-FSP) to produce high surface area, nonporous, mixed-metal oxide nanopowders that were subsequently subjected to high-throughput screening to assess a set of materials for deNOx catalysis and hydrocarbon combustion. We were able to easily screen some 40 LF-FSP produced materials. LF-FSP produces nanopowders that very often consist of kinetic rather than thermodynamic phases. Such materials are difficult to access or are completely inaccessible via traditional catalyst preparation methods. Indeed, our studies identified a set of Ce1−xZrxO2 and Al2O3−Ce1−xZrxO2 nanopowders that offer surprisingly good activities for both NOx reduction and propane/propene oxidation both in high-throughput screening and in continuous flow catalytic studies. All of these catalysts offer activities comparable to traditional Pt/Al2O3 catalysts but without Pt. Thus, although Pt-free, they are quite active for several extremely important emission control reactions, especially considering that these are only first generation materials. Indeed, efforts to dope the active catalysts with Pt actually led to lower catalytic activities. Thus the potential exists to completely change the materials used in emission control devices, especially for high-temperature reactions as these materials have already been exposed to 1500 °C; however, much research must be done before this potential is verified.

nanoparticle, flame spray pyrolysis