Solid electrolytes for Li-S batteries. Solid solutions of polyethylene oxide with LixPON and LixSiPON based polymers

Richard Laine

Eleni Temeche, Xinyu Zhang, and Richard Laine (2020)

ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 12(27):30353-30364.

We report here efforts to synthesize free-standing, dry polymer electrolytes that exhibit superior ionic conductivities at ambient for Li–S batteries. Co-dissolution of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) (Mn 900k) with LixPON and LixSiPON polymer systems at a ratio of approximately 3:2 followed by casting provides transparent, solid-solution films 25–50 μm thick, lowering PEO crystallinity, and providing measured impedance values of 0.1–2.8 × 10−3 S/cm at ambient. These values are much higher than simple PEO/Li+ salt systems. These solid-solution polymer electrolytes (PEs) are (1) thermally stable to 100 °C; (2) offer activation energies of 0.2–0.5 eV; (3) suppress dendrite formation; and (4) enable the use of lithium anodes at current densities as high as 3.5 mAh/cm2. Galvanostatic cycling of SPAN/PEs/Li cell (SPAN = sulfurized, carbonized polyacrylonitrile) shows discharge capacities of 1000 mAh/gsulfur at 0.25C and 800 mAh/gsulfur at 1C with high coulumbic efficiency over 100 cycles.

Li-S battery, Solid electrolyte, Lithium ion battery, polymer precursor, LiXPON

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